Its high tourist flow, which exceeds two million visitors a year, makes Cusco the most cosmopolitan and international city in Peru, surpassing Lima, the most modern capital and city in this Andean country. There are fundamentally two reasons why Cusco is the most visited city by foreign tourists arriving in this country: it was the capital of the legendary Empire of the Incas, and in its scope is the imposing citadel of Machu Picchu, recognized as the third among the seven new wonders of the world.
But beyond Machu Picchu, Cusco concentrates a historical past between epic, splendorous and tragic and is flooded with archaeological sites such as Sacsayhuamán, Choquequirao, Ollantaytambo, Wiracocha, Qenko, Pukará, Tambomachay, among others, for which it is considered also the «Rome of America». This city, whose architects configured it as a cougar, is 1,106 kilometers southeast of Lima, on the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains, 3,400 meters above sea level, exactly in the Huatanay river basin, with an extreme that penetrates the Amazon. Its population, of a little more than half a million inhabitants, is tripled by the flow of tourists who visit it every year, coming from different places of the world, to the point that an acute observer described Cusco as a new Babel, or the place where all the languages of the planet are confused.